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Bibliography


In our bibliography we present important publications concerning pedestrians and evacuations. If you have suggestions to append it, please drop us a line. It is our goal to keep this list as up-to-date as possible. You can just click on any of the [bib] links and save the file as raw text in order to get a copy of the original bibtex-file.

[1] K. Abe. The Science of Human Panic. Brain Publ. Co., Tokyo, 1986. (in Japanese).
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[2] J. Abrahams. Fire escape in difficult circumstances. In Stollard and Johnson [378].
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[3] S. AlGadhi, H. Mahmassani, and R. Herman. A speed-concentration relation for bi-directional crowd movements with strong interaction. In Schreckenberg and Sharma [305], pages 3-20.
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[4] M. Allen and D. Tildesley. Computer Simulation of Liquids. Clarendon Press, 1987.
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[5] K. Ando, H. Ota, and T. Oki. Forecasting the flow of people. Railway Research Review, 45:8-14, 1988. (in Japanese).
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[6] G. Antonini, M. Bierlaire, and M. Weber. Simulation of pedestrian behaviour using a discrete choice model calibrated on actual motion data. In 4th STRC Swiss Transport Research Conference, 2004.
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[7] T. Aoki. Prediction system of passenger flow. In Smith and Dickie [369], pages 249-258.
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[8] B. Ashe and T. J. Shields. Analysis and modelling of the unannounced evacuation of a large retail store. Fire and Materials, 23:333-336, 1999.
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[9] F. Aubé and R. Shield. Modeling the Effect of Leadership on Crowd Flow Dynamics, volume 3305 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pages 601-611. Springer, Jan 2004.
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[10] R. Axelrod. The evolution of cooperation. Basic Books, New York, 1984.
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[11] R. Axelrod. The complexity of cooperation: agent-based models of competition and collaboration. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, 1997.
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[12] British Standard Institute, Milton Keynes. Fire Precautions in the Design, Construction and Use of Buildings, 1991.
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[13] British Standards Institute. PAS 41:2001 Publicly Available Specification Directional Sounders, Requirements and Tests, 2001. based on BS EN 54-3:2001.
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[14] D. Bakuli and J. M. Smith. Resource allocation in state-dependent emergency evacuation networks. EJOR, 89:543-555, 1996.
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[15] P. Ball. The physical modelling of human social systems. Complexus, 1:190-206, 2003.
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[16] S. Bandini and T. Worsch, editors. Theoretical and Practical Issues on Cellular Automata, London, 2000. Springer.
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[17] M. Batty, J. DeSyllas, and E. Duxbury. The discrete dynamics of small-scale spatial events: agent-based models of mobility in carnivals and street parades. Technical report, University College London, 2002.
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[18] M. Batty, J. Desyllas, and E. Duxbury. Safety in numbers? modelling crowds and designing control for the notting hill carnival. Urban Studies, 40(8):1573-1590, July 2003.
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[19] C. Behring, M. Bracho, M. Castro, and J. Moreno. An algorithm for robot path planning with cellular automata. In Bandini and Worsch [16], pages 11-19.
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[20] I. Bennetts, I. Thomas, P. England, N. Kurban, S. Poon, K. Poh, and G. Anderson. Design of sports stand buildings for fire safety. Technical report, Centre for Environmental Safety and Risk Engineering - Victoria University of Technology, One Steel-Market Mills, Ingal Street, Newcastle, NSW 2300, Australia, July 2001. Reprint edition.
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[21] M. Bierlaire, G. Antonini, and M. Weber. Behavioral dynamics for pedestrians. In Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Travel Behavior Research, Lucerne, August 10-15 2003.
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[22] K. Binder. Applications of monte carlo methods to statistical physics. Rep. Prog. Phys., 60:487-559, 1997.
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[23] A. Björkman. Some outstanding questions about the Estonia. In Vassalos [418].
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[24] M. Black. Models And Metaphors. Studies In Language And Philosophy. Cornell University Press, 1972.
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[25] W. Bles, S. Nooy, and L. Boer. Influence of ship listing and ship motion on walking speed. Technical Report TM-01-C015, TNO Human Factors, Soesterberg, Netherlands, 2001.
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[26] W. Bles, S. Nooy, and L. Boer. Influence of ship listing and ship motion on walking speed. In Schreckenberg and Sharma [305], pages 437-452.
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[27] V. Blue and J. Adler. Modelling four directional pedestrian movements. In Transportation Research Board, 79th Annual Meeting, 2000.
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[28] V. Blue and J. Adler. Cellular automata microsimulation of bi-directional pedestrian flows. J. Trans. Research Board, 1678:135-141, 2000.
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[29] V. Blue and J. Adler. Cellular automata model of emergent collective bi-directional pedestrian dynamics. unpublished, 2000.
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[30] V. Blue and J. Adler. Cellular automata microsimulation for modeling bi-directional pedestrian walkways. Transpn. Res. B, 35(3):293-312, Mar 2001.
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[31] V. Blue and J. Adler. Bi-directional emergent fundamental pedestrian flows from cellular automata microsimulation. In Ceder [177], pages 235-254.
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[32] L. Boer, A. Vredev, E. K. Boulougouris, and A. Papanikolaou. Way-finding behaviour and technical guidance systems. In 21st Century Cruise Ship, London, 1999. Royal Inst. of Naval Architecture.
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[33] L. Boer. Mustering and evacuation of passengers: Scientific basis for design. Technical Report BriteEuram project 97-4229 ``MEP Design'', TNO Human Factors, Soesterberg, Netherlands, 2000.
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[34] L. C. Boer. Behaviour by motorists on evacuation of a tunnel. Technical report, TNO Human Factors, 2000.
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[35] L. C. Boer and R. Skjong. Emergency evacuation: How better interior design can improve passenger flow. In Cruise and Ferry 2001, London, 8-10 May 2001.
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[36] L. Boer and W. Bles. Evacuation from ships: Account for ship motion. In Safety of transportation: Imbalance between growth and safety, Delft, 1998.
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[37] E. K. Boulougouris and A. Papanikolaou. Modeling and simulation of the evacuation process of passenger ships. In Proc. 10th Int. Congress of the International Maritime Association of the Mediterranean (IMAM 2002), Crete, May 2002.
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[38] P. Bovy, S. Hoogendoorn, M. Schreckenberg, and D. Wolf, editors. Traffic and Granular Flow '03, Berlin, 2004. Springer.
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[39] W. Brilon, M. Großmann, and H. Blanke. Verfahren für die Berechnung der Leistungsfähigkeit und Qualität des Verkehrsablaufs auf Straßen. In Forschung Straßenbau und Straßenverkehrstechnik, page Kap. 13, Bonn-Bad Godesberg, 1993. Bundesministerium für Verkehr.
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[40] D. Brocklehurst. People Flow Modelling - Benefits and Applications within Industry. PhD thesis, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leics, LE11 3TU, UK, November 2005.
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[41] A. Broggi, M. Bertozzi, A. Fascioli, and M. Sechi. Shape-based pedestrian detection. In Proceedings of the IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, pages 215-220, Dearborn (MI), USA, October 3-5 2000. IEEE, IEEE.
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[42] R. Brown. Social Psychology. The Free Press, New York, 2 edition, 1986.
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[43] A. Brumley and L. Koss. The motor ability of passengers during the evacuation of ferries and cruise ships. 2000. Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers.
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[44] A. Brumley and L. Koss. The influence of human factors on the motor ability of passengers during the evacuation of ferries and cruise ships. In I. of Naval Architects, editor, Conference on human factors in ship design and operation, 2000.
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[45] L. Koss and A. Brumley. Ship evacuation mobility data. In Galea [109], pages 257-265. Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers.
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[46] A. Brumley and L. Koss. The need for statistics on the behavior of passengers during the evacuation of high speed craft. In Proceedings of FAST '97 High Speed Craft Technology Conference, 1997.
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[47] A. Brumley and L. Koss. The implication of human behavior on the evacuation of ferries and cruise ships. In Proceedings of AME '98 Australian Maritime Engieneering CRC Annual Post-Graduate Conference, 1998.
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[48] J. L. Bryan. Human behaviour in fire: The development and maturity of a scholarly study area. Fire and Materials, 23:249-253, 1999.
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[49] J. L. Bryan. A selected historical review of human behavior in fire. Fire Protection Engineering, November 2002.
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[50] R. W. Bukowski, P. Richard, D. Peacock, and W. W. Joes. Sensitivity examination of the airEXODUS aircraft evacuation simulation model. In International Aircraft Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, pages 1-14, Atlantic City, 1998.
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[51] D.-I. D. L. Bundesverwaltungsamt. Neue strategie zum schutz der bevölkerung in deutschland. Technical report, Bundesverwaltungsamt - Zentralstelle für Zivilschutz, 2003.
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[52] A. M. Burden. New york city pedestrian level of service study phase i. Technical report, City of New York, 2006.
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[53] C. Burstedde, K. Klauck, A. Schadschneider, and J. Zittartz. Simulation of pedestrian dynamics using a 2-dimensional cellular automaton. Physica A, 295:507-525, 2001.
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[54] C. Burstedde. Simulation von Fußgängerverhalten mittels zweidimensionaler zellulärer Automaten. Master's thesis, Universität zu Köln, 2001.
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[55] C. Burstedde, A. Kirchner, K. Klauck, A. Schadschneider, and J. Zittartz. Cellular automaton approach to pedestrian dynamics - applications. In Schreckenberg and Sharma [305], pages 87-98.
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[56] E. Canetti. Masse und Macht. Rowohlt, Hamburg, 1960.
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[57] D. Canter, editor. Fires and Human Behaviour. David Fulton Publishers, London, 2nd edition, 1990.
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[58] B.-C. Chang. On the Survivability of Damaged Ro-Ro Vessels Using a Simulation Method. PhD thesis, Technische Universität, Hamburg-Harburg, 1998. Arbeitsbereiche Schiffbau, Bericht Nr. 597.
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[59] F. Cherif and N. Djedi. A framework to simulate the evacuation of a crowd in emergency situations. In ?, xxxx.
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[60] D. Chowdhury, L. Santen, and A. Schadschneider. Statistical physics of vehicular traffic and some related systems. Physics Reports, 329(4-6):199-329, 2000.
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[61] K. Chung and P. Hui. Two-dimensional traffic flow problems with faulty traffic lights. Phys. Rev. E, 51(1):772-774, 1995.
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[62] L. Clarke. Panic: Myth or reality? contexts, fall 2002. panic is not a useful scientific concept.
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[63] E. Cl´ement, G. Reydellet, F. Rioual, B. Prise, V. Fanguet, J. Lanuza, and E. Kolp. Jamming patterns and blockade statistics in model granular flows. In Helbing et al. [385].
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[64] C. A. Coath. Special events planning. Study case: Sidney Olympic Games 2000, 2000.
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[65] Emergency planning for major accidents. Technical report, Health and Safety Executive, Sudbury, UK, 1999.
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[66] P. Crossland. The influence of ship motion induced lateral acceleration on walking speed. In Galea [109], pages 245-256.
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[67] J. Cuesta, F. Martínez, J. Molera, and A. Sánchez. Phase transition in two-dimensional traffic-flow models. Phys. Rev. E, 48(6):R4175, 1993.
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[68] J. Molera, F. Martínez, J. Cuesta, and R. Brito. Theoretical approach to two-dimensional traffic flow models. Phys. Rev. E, 51:175, 1995.
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[69] Deutscher Fußballbund. Richtlinien zur Verbesserung der Sicherheit bei Bundesspielen, 1999.
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[70] Deutscher Fußballbund. Vorläufiges Pflichtenheft über die technischen Anforderungen für Stadien, die als Spielorte für die Weltmeisterschaft 2006 in Betracht kommen, 2000.
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[71] W. Daamen. Modelling Passenger Flows in Public Transport Facilities. PhD thesis, TU Delft, 2004.
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[72] W. Daamen. Modelling Passenger Flows in Public Transport Facilities. PhD thesis, Technical University of Delft, 2004.
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[73] B. de Gelder, J. Snyder, D. Greve, G. Gerard, and N. Hadjikhani. Fear fosters flight: A mechanism for fear contagion when perceiving emotion expressed by a whole body. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 101(47):16701-16706, November 2004.
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[74] S. Deere, E. R. Galea, P. Lawrence, L. Filippidis, and S. Gwynne. The impact of the passenger response time distribution on ship evacuation performance. International Journal of Maritime Engineering, 2006.
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[75] B. Derrida and M. Evans. The assymetric exclusion process: exact results through a matrix approach. [320], chapter 14, pages 277-302.
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[76] J. de Vries. Cruise ship evacuation. Master's thesis, TU Delft, Faculty of Maritime Engineering, 1998.
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[77] A. K. Dewdney. Der Turing-Omnibus : eine Reise durch die Informatik mit 66 Stationen. Springer, Berlin, 1995. The (new) Turing omnibus <dt.>.
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[78] J. Dijkstra, H. Timmermans, and A. Jessurun. A multi-agent cellular automata system for visualising simulated pedestrian activity. In Bandini and Worsch [16], pages 29-36.
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[79] M. Dogliani. An overview of present and under-development imo's requirements concerning evacuation from ships. In Schreckenberg and Sharma [305], pages 339-354.
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[80] K. Drager, G. Løvås, J. Wicklund, H. Soma, D. Duong, A. Violas, and V. Lanèrès. EVACSIM: A comprehensive evacuation simulation tool. In K. Drager, editor, Proceedings of the 1992 Emergency Management and Engineering Conference, pages 101-108. Society for Computer Simulation, 1994.
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[81] M. Ebihara, A. Ohtsuki, and H. Iwaki. A model for simulating human behavior during emergency evacuation based on classificatory reasoning and certainty value handling. Microcomputers in Civil Engineering, 7:63-71, 1992.
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[82] A. A. S. Association. In disasters, panic is rare; altruism dominates. ASA journal, Aug. 2002.
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[85] M. Evans. Exact steady states of disordered hopping particle models with parallel and ordered sequential dynamics. JPA, 30:5669-5685, 1997.
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[86] Emergency evacuation. Regulation CFR Sec. 25.803, Federal Aviation Administration, 1990.
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[87] B. R. Panel. Bridge and tunnel safety. Technical report, Federal Highway Administration, 2003.
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[88] R. F. Fahy. Tools for the simulation of human behavior. Fire Protection Engineering, November 2002.
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[89] A. Fell. A study of modelling crowd dynamics. Master's thesis, Carleton University, 2003. Dept. Computer Science.
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[92] M. Flier. Optimisation of the evacuation plan of an offshore vessel. In Schreckenberg and Sharma [305], pages 431-436.
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[94] B. Forell. Bewertung von evakuierungen in diskotheken und ähnlichen vergnügungsstätten. vfdb Zeitschrift, 2:95-103, 2004.
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[95] B. Forell. Bewertung der Anforderungen der Musterversammlungsstättenverordnung (Mai 2002) hinsichtlich realistischer Evakuierungsszenarien in Diskotheken und ähnlichen Vergnügungsstätten. Technical report, Institut für Baustoffe, Massivbau und Brandschutz (iBMB) der Technischen Universität Braunschweig, 2004.
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[96] B. Forell. Modelle für die Berechnung von Personenströmen und Evakuierungssimulationen von Veranstaltungen. In VdS-Fachtagung Evakuierung und Räumung von Veranstaltungen. VdS, Oct 2005.
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[98] H. Frantzich. A model for performance-based design of escape routes. Technical report, Department of Fire Safety Engineering, Lund Institute of Technology, Lund University, 1994.
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[99] H. Frantzich. Study of movement on stairs during evacuation using video analysing techniques. Technical report, Department of Fire Safety Engineering, Lund Institute of Technology, Lund University, 1996.
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